History of Assisi

The origins of Assisi, as with other cities' in Umbria, are uncertain. It was inhabited originally by a population, Umbria, situated in central Italy. Then resent 'the Etruscan and Romans, as' well documented by many vestiges of the "municipium" called Roman Asisium.

Among these ruins there ', well preserved, the facade of the Temple of Minerva, the remains of the Forum, the amphitheater, the Roman walls.

After the fall of the 'Roman Empire the city' became a insediamentodei Goths around 545. More 'hands later fell under Lombard. Around the year 1000, it became an independent municipality. During this time he met an extraordinary development, especially through the monastic movement (especially the Benedictines).

St. Francis was born around 1180, the most 'famous for its citizens. In 1202, during a war with neighboring Perugia, Francis was taken prisoner and held in prison for over a year. In 1206, he devoted himself to serving God, following Christ through serving the poor, living in poverty himself. Famous is his public renunciation, in the square of Assisi, all goods of the rich parent. Francis was proclaimed a saint in 1228, just two years after his death, by Pope Gregory IX.

The city 'was the first under the rule and then under the papacy. Then it was the turn of the lords such as Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Montefeltro family, Braccio Fortinbras and Francesco Sforza, to the goal 'of the sixteenth century, when Umbria was conquered by Pope Paul III who built' the famous Rocca Paolina in Perugia and re-established 'the papal control of the city'. More 'later in the nineteenth century, the city' became part of the nascent Italian state, along with other cities' Umbria.

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